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ALL PHOTOS AND SITE CONTENT ARE THE PROPERTY OF CHARLES ATIU AND HIBISCUS OF MOOREA.

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Hibiscus of Moorea

FOR PLANTING SEEDS WE LIKE TO USE A FINE, LIGHT WEIGHT SEED SOIL THAT IS ENRICHED WITH MANURE. IT IS IMORTANT TO MAKE SURE THAT YOUR SOILD IS NOT TOO HEAVY AND IN MANY CASES IT IS HELPFUL TO SIFT THE SOIL INTO THE POT.

WHEN YOU ARE READY TO PLANT, NICK THE SEED COAT ON THE FLAT BOTTOM OF THE SEED TO EXPOSE THE WHITE FLESH INSIDE, DO NOT REMOVE THE ENTIRE SEED COAT. PLACE THE SEED, NICKED SIDE DOWN, INTO THE SOIL. AS A RULE OF THUMB IT IS IDEAL TO PLANT SEEDS AT A DEPTH THAT IS APPROXIMATELY TWICE THE SEED DIAMETER FROM BOTTOM TO TOP.

MIST POTS REGULARLY, THREE TO FOUR TIMES PER DAY, UNTIL THE SEEDLING HAS BECOME ESTABLISHED. WE REPOT OUR PLANTS ONCE THE SEEDLINGS HAVE SIX TRUE LEAVES PRESENT.

GERMINATION TIME WILL VARY DEPENDING ON YOUR CLIMATE BUT IN IDEAL CONDITIONS, WITH PLANTING TAKING PLACE IN EARLY SPRING, YOU SHOULD EXPECT GERMINATION TO BEGIN WITHIN 10-14 DAYS.

FOR CONSTANT CLIMATES, SUCH AS TROPICAL AREAS, IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO WAIT FOR SPRING TO GERMINATE; IT IS IMPORTANT HOWEVER, THAT THE TEMPERATURE NOT DROP BELOW 55 DEGREES FERENHEIT FOR THE GERMINATION PERIOD.

 

GERMINATION

ADULT PLANT SOIL CONDITIONS

USE A SOIL THAT WILL DRAIN EASILY AND IF PLANTING IN POTS MAKE SURE THAT THERE ARE DRAINAGE HOLES AT THE BOTTOM. HIBISCUS PREFER ACIDIC SOILS, USE OF AN ACIDIC COMPOST OR THE ADDITION OF PEAT MOSS WILL HELP TO INCREASE THE ACIDITY OF BASIC SOILS.

USE FERTILIZERS THAT ARE HIGH IN POTASIUM AND LOW IN PHOSPHOROUS. FERILIZER USE WILL DEPEND ON CLIMATE. IN TROPICAL AREAS WHERE THERE IS NO TRUE WINTER, FERTILIZE ONCE EVERY THREE TO FOUR MONTHS.

TEMPERATURE

IT IS IMPORTANT THAT HIBISCUS ARE GRWON AT A WARM STEADY TEMPERATURE. IF IT IS LIKELY THAT YOUR OUTSIDE TEMPERATURE WILL DROP BELOW 45 DEGREES FERENHEIT AT ANY TIME THROUGH OUT THE YEAR, THE USE OF A GREEN HOUSE WILL BE NECESSARY IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE HEALTH OF YOUR PLANT.

IDEAL RANGE IS BETWEEN 65 AND 75 DEGREES FERENHEIT.

GROWTH OF BUDS WILL STOP AROUND 55 DEGREES AND DAMAGE TO PLANT IS LIKELY IF TEMPERATURES GO BELOW 45 DEGREES.

LIGHT CONDITIONS

GERMINATE SEEDS IN FILTERED SUN LIGHT AND PLANT ADULT PLANTS IN FULL SUN ENSURING SIX HOURS OF SUNLIGHT PER DAY.  

PRUNING

PRUNING SHOULD BE DONE IN LATE WINTER FOR MOST NORTHERN HEMISPHERE CLIAMTES. FOR TROPICAL CLIMATES PRUNING SHOULD BE DONE BETWEEN THE MONTHS OF OCTOBER AND DECEMBER.

PRUNING IS NOT A REQUIRED PART OF HIBISCUS CARE BUT IT IS HIGHLY ADVISED.

DEALING WITH PESTS

UNFORTUNATELY, WHITEFLIES AND MITES ARE COMMON PESTS OF THE HIBISCUS PLANT AND WITHOUT TREATMENT WILL STOP THE BUDS FROM BLOOMING.

TO TREAT, APPLY AND INSECTICIDAL SOAP OR USE A MIXTURE OF 2 TABLESOONS DISH SOAP TO 1 GALLON OF WATER.

MAKE SURE TO KEEP A CLOSE EYE ON PESTS AND TREAT WHEN THE PROBLEM BEGINS. IT WILL SAVE YOU A GREAT DEAL OF TIME AND ENERGY AS WELL AS SAVE YOUR FLOWERS.

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